Male Sub Assignments Discovery

As this assignment winds down, I have to say I’m a bit surprised at how few unexpected moments there are between humans. There are many photographs I like, but most of them concern subjects other than people. There are wonderful close-ups, interactions between animals, pleasing landscapes, people as objects within nice frames, travel photographs taken on the go, and even some excellent underwater photographs. But there are very few photographs that I can look into and see what the people are thinking and feeling inside an unexpected situation.

So, I hope this helps. My partner Melissa and I have been teaching the Missouri Photo Workshop for the last 20 years and that workshop is built around helping photographers make intimate photographs between humans. Here are ten rules/observations that have come out over the years.

1. Even though it is easier to ask someone to perform an action that you just saw them do, nothing ever happens the same way twice. Just be faster next time. Nothing you can dream up for them is as interesting as what they will do in front of you if left alone.

2. When you spend time in someone’s life you can’t be present if you are planning the next photograph you want them in. Sit quietly, listen, and slow down.

3. As strange as this sounds, photographers have to defy social norms. After a person or group of people have accepted you into their lives you have to be clear that you are not “the guest.” You need to stay when the social norms would dictate that you have to leave.

4. Your subject does not know what a photographer does. You have to show them what that is WITH confidence.

5. At the same time, your intuition has to constantly monitor if you’ve gone too far and when it’s time to back off and give your subject space.

6. Every human interaction is a chemical equation. Choose your subject carefully. Is this someone you will be comfortable with for a week, a month, a year? I’m surprised at how few photographs of the humans closest to you are included in this assignment. There are very few families, wives, husbands, etc.

7. Sometimes the chemical equation is just not right. It’s surprising how rarely it actually is and it’s as important to know when to leave a story as it is to know when to stay.

8. It’s THEIR story, THEIR photograph. You are the interpreter. It’s not about your preconceptions. Let it flow from them instead of orchestrating it yourself.

9. If it isn’t your family or people who know you well, establish a level of confidence by being as honest about yourself as you expect them to be with you.

10. Once trust is established, quit engaging so much. My greatest skill as a photographer is the ability to bore people to death so they go about the daily business of their lives.

This is not only applicable to this assignment, but any time your photographing people. Good luck as you approach the last day of the assignment! I’ve posted three more photographs from my archive of unexpected moments between humans (and animals). 

Teacher Resources

Lesson plans, genetic educational materials, printable activity sheets, and other teaching resources for educators seeking to increase genetic and genomic literacy.

Materials for Teacher Resources

Biostatistics

Basic Probability and Chi-Squared Tests(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: An expert authored advanced in-class exercise teaching critical skills for classic genetic analysis, including probability, making predictions, and assessment.

Human Genetic Variation: A Flipped Classroom Exercise in Cultural Competency(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: An expert authored advanced in-class case discussion teaching concepts of population genetics and genetic variation.

Iceland’s Genetic Database: Good or Bad Idea?(PDF 28.17 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This lesson examines issues stemming from genetic databanks and population genetics studies.

K-12 Statistics Education Webinars

Description: Recorded web-based seminars on K-12 statistics education topics. The webinars aim to support teachers in their efforts to master statistics and incorporate core concepts into their classrooms.

Mendelian Genetics, Probability, Pedigree, and Chi-Square Statistics(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: A lesson that requires students to work through a series of questions pertaining to the genetics of sickle cell disease and its relationship to malaria. These questions will probe students' understanding of Mendelian genetics, probability, pedigree analysis, and chi-square statistics.

Population Genetics (Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: In this lesson, students simulate what happens to a population containing sickle cell trait carriers over several generations in the presence of a high, medium, or low incidence of malaria. Students analyze class data to understand trends in each population and the selective forces at play. Students also review and discuss real-world data.

Population Genetics of Plant Pathogens

Description: Population biology focuses on the biological processes that affect populations of organisms. Population biology is relevant to plant pathology because plant diseases are caused by populations of parasites. Explore concepts of gene mutation, genetic drift, gene flow and more through this series.

Retinoblastoma, Cystic Fibrosis, and Body Mass Index, Oh My!(PDF 196.72 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Building on their intuitive understanding of twin study correlations, students analyze subsets of data to determine how strong the environmental and genetic influences are for three different traits/conditions. Students use mean, standard deviation, and Pearson correlation coefficient to describe and make meaning of their data. They also graph their data and correlations, and compare the results from their subset of data to the results of a group using a different subset of the data.

Scitable Faculty Resources

Description: The Scitable faculty resource pages include a tool for creating virtual classrooms, the Scitable Faculty Discussion Group, and a variety of instructive courses for educators.

Statistics Education Web (STEW)

Description: STEW is a resource for peer-reviewed lesson plans for K-12 teachers. The statistical concepts follow the recommendations of the Guidelines for Assessment and Instruction in Statistics Education (GAISE) Report: A Pre-K-12 Curriculum Framework, Common Core State Standards for Mathematics, and NCTM Principles and Standards for School Mathematics.

The Probabilities of Problems: A Look at Inheritance(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Students learn how to calculate the the probabilities of passing on certain genetic disorders and then evaluate case studies involving genetic testing.

Biotechnology

Biotechnology: An Agricultural Dilemma(PDF 28.17 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Students develop an understanding of agricultural needs in developing nations, research the types of genetically modified crop plants, examine the impacts of genetically modified plants on the environment, analyze the benefits and risks of genetically modified crop plants, support and debate a view based on biological knowledge, and apply scientific information to resolve a societal issue.

Can you taste PTC?(PDF 1,989.26 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: In this lesson, students use a Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) kit to determine their genotype for the TAS2R38 gene. While waiting for their results, students also test their PTC tasting ability (phenotype). The class then analyzes both phenotype and genotype data to determine which allele is the taster allele and which allele is the non-taster allele.

Catch Up on Tomato Technology(505.5 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This lesson is a tool to demonstrate how various technological advances have changed the tomato and the tomato industry over the years. The technology includes both selective breeding and genetic engineering.

Cloning Animals and Plants: Any Difference?(PDF 21.04 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: In this lesson plan students storyboard the history of famous animal clones, examine the differences between animal and plant cloning, experiment cloning a Coleus plant, and design a controlled plant experiment.

Debating the Ethical and Legal Implications of Genetic Testing(PDF 904.59 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Students explore the difference between ethical and legal issues and use an analytical framework to work through an ethical scenario before researching and debating two genetic testing scenarios. Additional chapters from DNA: Promise and Peril (McCabe, Linda L. and McCabe, Edward R.B. Regents of the University of California Press, 2008.) provide a starting point for their research.

Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This lesson provides students the opportunity to explore the excitement and challenges related to the direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic testing industry. How do consumers react to genetic information gleaned from DTC services? What information can be learned through a DTC test, and do consumers need or want a doctor or genetic counselor to access this information?

Extracting DNA(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: In this lesson, students develop understanding of DNA by modeling the process of DNA extraction.

Genetic Testing: Road Map or Crystal Ball?(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Students are exposed to the pros and cons of genetic testing and must take a stand by writing a position paper, after viewing the "Who Gets to Know?" video and/or reading case studies from the Our Genes/Our Choices series.

Genetics and Reproduction(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This lesson addresses the genetic reproductive technologies that are being used by individuals who, for a variety of reasons, wish to know and/or have some choice about the genetic makeup of their children. It begins with a discussion of the technologies that can reveal the genetic makeup of fetuses and then moves on to a technology called preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). The goal of this lesson is to give students an opportunity to discuss many aspects of PGD such that they become aware of the diversity of opinions surrounding PGD.

How does genotyping work?(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Students learn about DNA extraction, PCR, restriction digest, and gel electrophoresis through a combination of virtual labs and class discussion. Students learn about the TAS2R38 gene which is involved in the ability to taste bitter foods. Students perform simple bioinformatics using primer sequences and allele sequences of TAS2R38.

Introduction to Genetically Modified Organisms (Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Students take a pre-test to help the instructor guage pre-existing knowledge and attitudes about genetic modification. After a presentation on the basics of recombinant DNA technology, students read an article about genetically modified foods that presents both the benefits and concerns this use of recombinant DNA technology has brought up. Students then work in small groups reading articles that go more in depth about either a pro or con of GMOs. After each group briefly presents the arguments for or against GMOs from their article, students are asked to write an opinion paper for homework.

Is it Genetically Modified?(PDF 198.25 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Students are introduced to and asked to think about the procedures used to detect GMO foods, namely PCR and gel electrophoresis. In small groups, student then get to test foods brought from home for the presence of GMO ingredients using the Bio-Rad GMO Investigator Kit. At every step of the way, students are asked to think about why each step is important. Finally, students must analyze and interpret their experimental results, write a comprehensive lab report, present their findings to their classmates.

Maintaining Plant Genebanks(PDF 44.43 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: A lesson plan exploring the benefits and problems of maintaining plant genebanks globally. Students research the science behind and the need for plant genebanks, consider the rationale for gaining ownership over scientific information, formulate an opinion about the costs and uses of high tech scientific applications, and understand the implications of reliance on biotechnology.

Personalized Medicine(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Personalized medicine, also referred to as precision medicine, holds great promise to improve healthcare. As the cost of genetic analysis decreases and research advances, it is becoming increasingly possible to include the genetic make-up of a person in the repertoire of tools that inform his or her healthcare. This lesson asks students to delve into the hopes and challenges of personalized medicine and to consider the practical applications of genetic analysis in medicine.

Personalized Medicine (aka Pharmacogenomics)(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: In this teaching module students will learn about the concept of personalized medicine; how differences in our genes affect whether a drug treatment will be successful or have serious side effects, and how we can use this information to customize treatments for individual patients. Students will participate in a hands-on activity to further demonstrate how subtle genetic differences affect a patients response to medication.

Protecting Athletes with Genetic Conditions: Sickle Cell Trait(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: As the genetic basis for many health conditions is revealed, some doctors, coaches, and academic and athletic organizations are wondering whether genetic analysis can provide health and safety benefits for athletes. As of 2013, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), the governing body of college sports in the United States, began screening all of its athletes for the genetic condition sickle cell trait (SCT). This lesson explores the discussion surrounding this policy and asks students to examine how genetics might impact their own athletic choices and options.

Risks and Benefits(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This lesson provides students with an opportunity to further their understanding of the risks and benefits associated with innovations in science and technology.

Spot the Difference - Zebrafish(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Step into the shoes of a genetic scientist and carry out a phenotype analysis with the model organism, zebrafish.

Teacher Guide - Cloning(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Four captivating lesson guides on cloning methods, legislation, and history/timeline.

Technological Advances in Health(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Students will learn how technology influences human existence by examining the benefits and risks of different biotechnological advances.

What Can I Learn From Worms? Regeneration, Stem Cells, and Models(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: A series of high quality lesson plans exploring a variety of topics including the cell cycle and the use of model species in biomedical research. You may need to register to view the lesson plans, but the plans and registration is free.

What Changes Our Minds? Toxicants, Exposure, and the Environment(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: A series of lesson plans and laboratory experiments exploring the effects of environmental exposure to chemicals. You may need to register to view the plans, but the lesson plans and registration is free.

Who Owns Rights To Pharmacogenetic Information?(PDF 28.17 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This lesson examines potential benefits, risks, and ethical concerns of designer drugs.

Cell Biology

Cell Differentiation and Gene Expression(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This lesson uses the example of cell differentiation to introduce the concept of differential gene expression.

Cells 2: The Cell as a System(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: In this lesson, students review cell structures and investigate how the components of a cell operate as a system.

cK-12 Foundation - Teachers

Description: Ck-12 Foundation offers life-science simulations to immerse students in an interactive learning experience, practice problems, free full-text FlexBook Textbooks, tools for leading group discussions and more.

Genes in Motion - Mitosis Lesson Guide(PDF 331.37 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This collaborative program was developed by a diverse group of experts including the Liz Lerman Dance Exchange to teach genetics through movement, spoken word, and creative applications of technology. Topics covered in this program include mitosis, bioinformatics, induced mutation, and natural mutation. These topics support materials currently taught in a high school biology classrooms.

MIT OpenCourseWare

Description: MIT departments and degree programs post course information with a syllabus, lecture notes, reading assignments, and additional learning exercises and exams. The site offers a special educator portal to help teachers find specific content for use in their classes.

Mitosis(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: In this lesson students learn about mitosis using the Mitosis app. They make physical representations of mitosis on a poster board, and write and preform a skit to show the process of mitosis.

Mitosis - The Dance of the Chromosomes(PDF 304.58 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: A PowerPoint presentation on mitosis

Teacher Guide - Amazing Cells(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: From the structure and function of organelles to communication on a molecular level, these 8 lesson plans explore the inner-most workings of cells in a dynamic and realistic way.

The Invisible Kingdom(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This lesson helps students develop an understanding of the characteristics and diversity of microbial life. Readings prompt discussions a variety of topics ranging from antibiotic resistance to horizontal gene transfer.

Using Technology to Study Cellular and Molecular Biology(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: A curriculum supplement for high school students exploring how technology advancements in cell biology have been used to enhanced health

What Can I Learn From Worms? Regeneration, Stem Cells, and Models(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: A series of high quality lesson plans exploring a variety of topics including the cell cycle and the use of model species in biomedical research. You may need to register to view the lesson plans, but the plans and registration is free.

DNA Forensics

DNA - A Molecular Identity(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This lesson plan engages students in learning what DNA is and about different DNA profiling techniques. Students examine three real cases where DNA evidence was an essential component and evaluate the benefits and possible misuses of DNA information.

DNA, Crime and Law Enforcement(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: The collection and analysis of DNA is an important tool in law enforcement. This lesson explores the challenge of establishing ethical and legal frameworks in a timely manner to guide the use of newly developed technologies. A key question that is woven through this lesson is how we as a society can use genetics to keep people safe, solve crimes and, at the same time, develop policies that provide appropriate safeguards and privacy protections.

Entomology in Action(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Lesson plans and teaching aids on entomology

Entomology Resources for Educators

Description: Lesson plans, student contests, educator awards, and teacher workshops to help educators increase science literacy.

Forensics(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This module teaches shows students how DNA is analyzed by forensic scientists in order to link a DNA sample to a particular individual. To do this, forensic scientists use powerful molecular biology techniques such as PCR, restriction digests and gel electrophoresis. To learn more about DNA and how it is used by forensic scientists, students will isolate their own DNA from saliva. Using their new-found understanding of DNA and forensics techniques, students will help solve the case of the missing mascot.

Genomics and Human Identity - Sharks, Human Remains(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: In 2010, fishermen in the Bahamas caught a tiger shark with human remains in its stomach, but whose remains were they? Step-by-step questions guide students through the logical progression from analyzing forensic data to identifying the remains.

Short Tandem Repeats...and Murder! (Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: The lesson plan guides students through PCR and gel electrophoresis simulations for six short tandem repeat (STR) loci. They use their data to solve a murder.

Short Tandem Repeats...and Murder! (Short Version)(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This lesson plan involves solving a murder case through analysis of short tandem repeat (STR) loci of forensic DNA samples.

Using QR Codes in Forensic Science(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: In this lesson, students use mobile technology and knowledge of forensic science to research a crime case.

DNA, Genes, Chromosomes

Analyzing Chromosomes(PDF 7,056.8 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Students learn about chromosome analysis by completing a partial karyotype and assess the karyotype for anomalies. Students practice sharing bad news to parents.

Breakfast Proteins

Description: Model the central dogma of molecular biology by constructing a colorful chain using a simple code (and some delicious cereal).

Cell Differentiation and Gene Expression(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This lesson uses the example of cell differentiation to introduce the concept of differential gene expression.

cK-12 Foundation - Teachers

Description: Ck-12 Foundation offers life-science simulations to immerse students in an interactive learning experience, practice problems, free full-text FlexBook Textbooks, tools for leading group discussions and more.

Cracking the Genetic Code(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This lesson explores what the knowledge of DNA can tell us about ourselves and other organisms and species.

Decoding the Flu(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This classroom activity teaches how to read and interpret information stored in DNA. It makes use of personal response systems (clickers) and a PowerPoint presentation. The story centers on a CDC student intern, Jason. While working with a CDC team in Mexico, Jason is the only person who does not get sick from a new strain of flu. It is up to Jason to use molecular data collected from different local strains of flu to identify which one may be causing the illness.

DNA Repair - Exploring the 2015 Nobel Prize Winning work of two NC scientists(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This University of North Carolina teaching module explores several built-in protection mechanisms our bodies use to prevent and repair damage to DNA. In 2015, Dr. Aziz Sancar from UNC Chapel Hill and Dr. Paul Modrich from Duke University were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their work on understanding DNA repair. Students will extract their own DNA from saliva and analyze REAL data from Dr. Sancars Nobel-winning research.

DNA Replication: A case discussion of a landmark paper by Meselson and Stahl(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: An expert authored advanced in-class exercise involving literature assessment and detailed exploration of DNA replication

Do you have good taste?(PDF 173.5 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Students explore their sense of taste by recording the taste sensations detected when standardized solutions are applied to different areas of their tongue. Students learn that their genotype for certain genes influences their tasting phenotype through the processes of transcription and translation of the genes to produce taste receptor proteins.

Environmental Factors, Inducible Promoters, and Gene Expression(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Students explore how changes in gene expression are induced by environmental conditions. The lesson plan involves a bacterial transformation experiment, discussion on skin tanning, and a presentation assignment on regulated gene expression.

Extracting DNA(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: In this lesson, students develop understanding of DNA by modeling the process of DNA extraction.

Genetic Timeline(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: A lesson plan highlighting key discoveries that have led to our present understanding of the human genome

Genomics and Human Identity(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Bring genomics to life for your high school students with this lesson plan. The lessons encourage hands-on, inquiry-based learning and include genomic concepts and research projects.

Inside/Outside the Human Genome Project(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: In this cooperative learning activity for grades 6-8, students combine a jigsaw learning technique with an inside/outside review game to learn about DNA, genes, chromosomes and the Human Genome Project.

Measuring Gene Expression (PDF 1,317.88 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Students come up with an experimental design to test 1) that different cell types from the same person result from differences in gene expression OR 2) that tanning is result of skin cells changing their gene expression. Students complete a virtual lab that introduces them to microarray technology. Macromodel Microarrays are used in small groups to measure the gene expression for cancerous versus normal breast tissue, and each group must make a treatment recommendation based on the gene expression results.

MIT OpenCourseWare

Description: MIT departments and degree programs post course information with a syllabus, lecture notes, reading assignments, and additional learning exercises and exams. The site offers a special educator portal to help teachers find specific content for use in their classes.

Molecular Genetics(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Lesson guides and video slide show presentation on HIV viral replication and other molecular genetic topics

Origami DNA(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: This activity brings to life the double helix structure of DNA by enabling your students to make their own paper model. Instructions and model templates are available for download.

PBS LearningMedia

Description: A Web site providing teachers with strategies, tools, and professional development resources for incorporating digital learning in the classroom

Power My Learning

Description: A web-based platform with online learning activities for K-12 students, parents, and educators. You will need to register to use the site, but registration is free.

Reading DNA(PDF 313.02 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Students use edible models of the DNA molecule to transcribe an mRNA sequence, then translate it into a protein.

Scitable Faculty Resources

Description: The Scitable faculty resource pages include a tool for creating virtual classrooms, the Scitable Faculty Discussion Group, and a variety of instructive courses for educators.

Secrete Codon

Description: With beads on a string, use the one-letter abbreviations for amino acids to make a secret message.

Sequence Bracelets

Description: In this activity you can make a bracelet of DNA sequence from organisms including a human, chimpanzee, butterfly, carnivorous plant or flesh-eating bacteria.

Teacher Guide - Have Your DNA and Eat It Too(PDF 266.17 KB, Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Lesson plan on the structure of DNA and a class activity building an edible double helix

Ten Captivating Tools for the DNA Classroom

Description: Whether you are searching for something for DNA Day, looking for a little spice in your genetics unit, or offering resources to parents, students or colleagues - these ten perennial favorites are sure to please. Bookmark this for year-round use.

Visualizing Gene-Expression Patterns

Description: A slide show with video clips illustrating how scientists detect when a gene is being expressed in tissues

X or Y: Does it Make a Difference?(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Students learn and describe the functional differences between X and Y chromosomes, and explain the significance of these differences in the human genome.

Yummy Gummy DNA

Description: Make your own edible DNA double helix out of sweets.

Epigenetics/Inheritance and the Environment

Epigenetics Module(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: These three lesson plans explore some of the mechanisms that turn genes on and off and how our environment can affect this.

Genes, Environment and Genetic Complexity: Aggression in Humans(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Questions about whether genetics can, in part, explain violent, aggressive behavior in humans are not new. Recent episodes of large-scale violence, whether in schools or other public places, have renewed discussion about the intersection of crime, mental health and genetics. In this lesson, students are asked to examine popular but incorrect ideas related to the idea that a single gene or even set of genes can cause humans to behave aggressively.

NOVA scienceNOW - Epigenetics (Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

Description: Students make a model of chromatin and use it to show how chemical tags that bond to the chromatin can influence its uncoiling.

The Mystery of Calico Cats(Lesson Plans/Lesson Activities)

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