Antonio Vivaldi—a music appreciation lesson for kids
Antonio Vivaldi (1678 to 1741) was born and lived in Italy, and was a BAROQUE style composer and violinist. Vivaldi had very bright red hair and was nicknamed "the Red Priest."
His dad, Giovanni, was a barber before becoming a professional violinist. He taught his son probably at a very young age to play violin. As an adult, Vivaldi became a Catholic priest. However, his asthma kept him from saying the mass. He then went to teach in an orphanage for girls, and composed lots of music for them; for example Vivaldi wrote over 400 concertos for his students.
While Vivaldi's music was quite popular in his lifetime, towards his final years his music fell out of popularity, and he died as a pauper.
Listen to Vivaldi's The Four Seasons!
The most well-known piece of music he wrote was a set of violin concertos titled "The Four Seasons." The concertos are accompanied by sonnetes (poems) that depict the seasons. Some people think that Vivaldi wrote the sonnets himself.
For each season, there are three parts. The parts are titled with Italian words such as Allegro (joyfully) or Largo (slowly). These Italian words indicate the TEMPO of the piece—how fast or slow it should be played.
Read the poem that goes with each part of The Four Seasons, and then listen to the part. Does the music resemble or portray the things in the sonnets? Does the music match the seasons?
You can also draw on paper what the music makes you "see" in your mind. Compare your thoughts and feelings with those around you.
In the audio files below for the Four Seasons, John Harrison plays the lead violin. I don't have information about the other musicians. Licensed by CC BY-SA 3.0.
1. Allegro (fast, joyfully)
Springtime is upon us.
The birds celebrate her return with festive song,
and murmuring streams are softly caressed by the breezes.
Thunderstorms, those heralds of Spring, roar, casting their dark mantle over heaven,
Then they die away to silence, and the birds take up their charming songs once more.
Children: Can you hear the joy of spring and the birds? Can you then hear the thunderstorm? And can you lastly hear the birds again?
2. Largo (slowly)
On the flower-strewn meadow, with leafy branches rustling overhead, the goat-herder sleeps, his faithful dog beside him.
Children: Does the music sound restful, like someone is sleeping?
3. Allegro (fast, joyfully)
Led by the festive sound of rustic bagpipes, nymphs and shepherds lightly dance beneath the brilliant canopy of spring.
Children: In this music, we first hear bagpipes. Later on, there are musical passages as if someone is dancing.
1. Allegro non molto (not very quickly)
Under a hard Season, fired up by the Sun
Languishes man, languishes the flock and burns the pine
We hear the cuckoo's voice; then sweet songs of the turtledove and finch are heard.
Soft breezes stir the air... but threatening north wind sweeps them suddenly aside.
The shepherd trembles, fearing violent storms and his fate.
Children: This piece starts out slow, as if animals and people are "languishing" in the unpleasant, hot sun. In the middle the music is a bit faster: there is the soft breeze. The loudest part is like the threatening north wind. Later on, the violin plays alone, singing like birds. Then suddenly the music sounds fearful: the shepherd trembles. Can you hear all that?
2. Adagio e piano - Presto e forte (slow at ease and soft - very fast and loud)
The fear of lightning and fierce thunder
robs his tired limbs of rest,
as gnats and flies buzz furiously around.
Children: Does the music sound like someone is resting, but occasionally feels fearful?
3. Presto (very fast)
Alas, his fears were justified
The Heavens thunders and roar and majestically
Cuts the head off the wheat and damages the grain.
Children: Does the music sound like thunder and lightning?
1. Allegro (fast and joyfully)
Celebrates the peasant, with songs and dances,
The pleasure of a bountiful harvest.
And fired up by Bacchus' liquor, many end their revelry in sleep.
Children: This music starts out joyful and very happy, because the farmers are celebrating the harvest with songs and dances. Can you hear the parts where a few of them get tired and fall asleep (music slows down)?
2. Adagio molto (very slow)
Each one renounces dance and song,
the mild air is pleasant,
and the season invites ever-increasingly
to savour a sweet slumber.
Children: Can you hear how this music sounds like "sweet slumber" (deep sleep)?
3. Allegro (fast and joyful)
The hunters emerge at the new dawn,
And with horns and dogs and guns depart upon their hunting
The beast flees and they follow its trail;
Terrified and tired of the great noise
Of guns and dogs, the beast, wounded, threatens
Languidly to flee, but harried, dies.
Children: The music starts out march-like, when the hunters and dogs and horns are going boldly to hunt. When you hear the violin playing solo (alone), it portrays the beast that is fleeing and being hunted.
1. Allegro non molto (not very quickly)
To tremble from cold in the icy snow,
In the harsh breath of a horrid wind;
To run, stamping one's feet every moment,
Our teeth chattering in the extreme cold.
Children: In the beginning, the music sounds like trembling because of the cold. The parts where the violin plays solo, it's like someone running and stamping their feet to keep warm. Does any part of the music sound like chattering teeth?
2. Largo (very slowly)
We move to the fire and contented peace,
while the rain outside pours in sheets.
Children: When you listen, can you imagine staying warm and peaceful in front of the fireplace?
3. Allegro (fast & joyful)
We tread the icy path slowly and cautiously, for fear of tripping and falling.
Then turn abruptly, slip, crash on the ground and, rising, hasten on across the ice lest it cracks up.
We feel the chill north winds course through the home despite the locked and bolted doors...
this is winter, which nonetheless brings its own delights.
Children: The music starts out carefully, cautiously, and not very fast, like treading on ice. Can you hear it getting faster—someone hastening and hurrying? Near the end we hear the north wind and its chill...
Here's also one video, an excerpt from Antonio Vivaldi's famous Concerto for 2 Cellos, Strings & Continuo in G minor. It is performed by New Trinity Baroque orchestra (on instruments similar to those used in Vivaldi's time), and directed from the harpsichord by Predrag Gosta.
I hope you liked the song/lesson!
I'd also like to introduce you to my favorite: 24K Gold Music - Dynamic Musical Showband performs many genres and styles of music, with special emphasis on the Classic Oldies Era!
Watch more songs here and here!
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (Venice, 4 of March of 1678 – Vienna, 28 of 1741 July) was a composer and late Baroque musician, one of the pinnacles of the Baroque, of Western and universal music, his skills are reflected in having laid the concert’s foundations the most important of his time.
Vivaldi was nicknamed il prete rosso (“the reddish priest”) for being a catholic priest and red-haired. He composed 770 works, between which 477 concerts and 46 operas are told.
Vivaldi loved the life intensely, so to perpetuate the deep emotion that the transformation of the nature woke up on him, he created the concerts for violin called the Four Seasons, leaving in writing in the original of the score the description of the most beautiful scenes of the Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter, each of these concerts consists of three movements, two fast ones separated in contrast to a slow one and expressive, the most descriptive scenes are the movements.
Índice del artículo:
The Four Seasons (Musical Work) explained:
After a long winter in which the snow covers in white the great landscape, the spring arises like a colorful explosion, the flowers, the butterflies and the song of the birds initiates with a joy hymn whereupon this beautiful station is received.
The birds add themselves to the general joy with their trills and warblings (three solo violins). Afar the smooth murmur of a water little stream singsong is listened to, also in spring there are terrible heavy downpours announced with the lightning and the thunderclap.
The second movement draws a scene where a little shepherd has remained slept, the smooth wind produces a beautiful murmur and the violin solo describes the sweet and calm dream of the little shepherd. In the third movement a popular celebration is described with jubilant songs and dances because of the Spring’s arrival.
It is the heat’s season, Vivaldi tells us that the high temperatures affect men and animals alike with a slowness sensation and doze that it describes musically this way, also describes to us how the cucu in the warm nights of summer sings rhythmically, we also listen to the languid song of a lark in the warm summer sunset.
In the second movement a farmer has returned home, after an arduous day of work, tired tries to sleep but a thunderclap in the sky announces a storm that interrupts his dream, this scene repeats itself several times and it is united to the third movement that describes the forces of the nature untied in a terrible storm.
The Autumn is a concert full of joy because the time speaks about the harvest time, and when sowing good seed obtains good fruits and this is reason for great happiness.
Suddenly all the joy is interrupted and changes the rhythm of music and one quiet melody is heard. In the celebrations always there is somebody who eats and drinks too much and soon it looks for a place to take a nap calmly.
In the Autumn the leaves of the trees get dry little by little and when they are very dry, impelled by the caress of the wind, give off and fall to form a crisp carpet when being stepped on. The harpsichord interprets a melody that makes us imagine the capricious fall of the dry leaves.
Third movement. To go hunting was the favorite sport on Vivaldi’s time. A cheer and playful melody speaks to us about the hunters who gather in the dawn between laughter and jokes and get ready to initiate the great hunting. The violin solo, accompanied by the first hoop of the orchestra, imitates the sound of the hunting horn and thus a series of dialogues between the violinist and the orchestra follows one another, describing the adventure to find, persecute and to reach a prey.
The first notes describe with a smooth and persistent rhythm the slow fall of the snowflakes and the fast trill of the violins describe the teeth chattering caused by the intense cold. We now listen to a gust of wind that shakes the fall of the snowflakes in the first violin solo. Little by little it increases the force of music to end with a great theme.
The second movement is called Rain. It speaks to us of a man who is happy, safe from the intense cold next to the heat of his chimney while he observes as the crystals of their window are struck by little drops of a winter rain, we listen to the rhythmical falling, beside this rhythm the violin solo sings a beautiful melody that describes the happiness and the heat of home.
Third movement: After a first violin solo, the orchestra appears imitating a smooth burst of wind that grows little by little until reaching great force; when finishing, the terrible winter storm arrives because of the shock of the Mediterranean winds and the snow-drifts of the North are interpreted by the violin solo and the orchestra, finishing in a beautiful ending.
“So it is the winter, but it also has great beauties”. With these words Antonio Vivaldi finishes his great creation, the cycle of the Four Seasons.
Video: Vivaldi’s Four Seasons Musical Work
* Direction and production. Audio by Sección de cuerdas de la Orquesta Sinfonica de Coyoacán, 2000.
Imagen de OwlGem vía Flickr
Si deseas leer más artículos parecidos a Antonio Vivaldi and the "Four Seasons" explained, en Revista Vinculando te recomendamos que visites la sección titulada: “English”.